|Blogs||Articles||Organizations||Biography||Jack's Book||Contact Information||Links|
Navigation: SOS Sisson > Traumatic Injury Blog
Jack Sisson's TBI Blog
A hug is duct tape for the soul.
Friday, December 09, 2011
Repeat 'Heading' in Soccer Causes Brain Damage
We posted about this subject before, but it's warning can withstand repeating. Brain damage is not something to risk if you can help it.
From The Atlantic:
This shouldn't come as a surprise, but research shows that repeatedly hitting your head against a fast-moving object can lead to serious brain injuries
PROBLEM: Though common sense dictates that hitting your head against objects that move as fast as 34 miles per hour can cause serious injuries, many soccer players repeatedly field balls this way in training drills and games. Curious and perhaps also concerned, researchers led by Dr. Michael L. Lipton wanted to know if there is a threshold level for heading frequency that, when surpassed, results in brain damage.
METHODOLOGY: The investigators conducted DTI, an advanced magnetic resonance technique that allows researchers to assess microscopic changes in the brain's white matter, on 32 amateur soccer players who have played the sport since childhood. They estimated how often each of the participants headed the ball annually and then analyzed their brain scans for signs of injury.
RESULTS: Soccer players who headed balls more than 1,000 times a year had significantly diminished fractional anisotropy or FA in regions linked to attention, memory, executive functioning and higher-order visual functions. (FA is a measure that reflects the ability of water molecules in the brain to steadily move along axons, and abnormally low FA within white matter has been associated with cognitive impairment in people with severe brain damage.)
CONCLUSION: Those who head soccer balls with high frequency exhibit brain abnormalities similar to those found in traumatic brain injury patients.
IMPLICATION: Practices involving this wildly popular sport may need to be reevaluated to protect players from brain damage. Lipton notes in a statement, "While heading a ball 1,000 or 1,500 times a year may seem high to those who don't participate in the sport, it only amounts to a few times a day for a regular player."
SOURCE: The study, "Making Soccer Safer for the Brain: DTI-Defined Exposure Thresholds for White Matter Injury Due to Soccer Heading," was presented recently at the annual meeting of theRadiological Society of North America.
LinksTBI Film Reviews
TBI Book Reviews
Traumatic Brain Injury Law Blog
SoapBlox/Chicago: Protecting Our Troops
Head Injury Survival Journal
Losing the Physical Self
Tower of Hanoi: Instructions for this popular puzzle can be viewed simply by clicking the Instructions button on that page.
May 2005 June 2005 July 2005 August 2005 September 2005 October 2005 November 2005 August 2006 September 2006 October 2006 December 2006 January 2007 February 2007 March 2007 April 2007 May 2007 June 2007 July 2007 August 2007 September 2007 October 2007 November 2007 December 2007 January 2008 February 2008 March 2008 January 2009 March 2009 April 2009 December 2009 April 2010 May 2010 June 2010 July 2010 August 2010 September 2010 October 2010 November 2010 January 2011 February 2011 March 2011 April 2011 May 2011 June 2011 July 2011 August 2011 September 2011 October 2011 November 2011 December 2011 January 2012 February 2012 March 2012 April 2012 May 2012 June 2012 October 2012 November 2012 December 2012 January 2013 February 2013 March 2013 April 2013 May 2013 June 2013 October 2013