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From Fox News:

These boots were really made for walking.
The first batch of 3,000 shoes with integrated GPS devices -- to help track down dementia-suffering seniors who wander off and get lost -- just shipped from manufacturer GTX Corp. to the footwear firm Aetrex, two years after plans were announced to develop the product.
 The company's first shoes -- dreamed up back in 2002 following the Elizabeth Smart case -- were intended to locate missing children. And safety is the driving force today behind the company's newest GPS-enabled shoe. According to AFP, The shoes will sell at around $300 a pair and buyers will be able to set up a monitoring service to locate "wandering" seniors suffering from Alzheimer's Disease.The system is implanted in the heel of an otherwise normal shoe, and lets caregivers or family members monitor the wearer and even set up alerts if a person strays outside of a predefined area.
GTX believes the market has great potential, given the soaring costs of Alzheimer's.
"This is a significant milestone for both companies and while the $604 billion worldwide cost of dementia has become and will continue to be a significant fiscal challenge, the under $300 GPS enabled shoes will ease the enormous physical and emotional burden borne by Alzheimer's victims, caregivers and their geographically distant family members," said Patrick Bertagna, chief executive of GTX Corp.
 Health professionals say the new GPS shoes could be a real boon for the more than five million Americans who suffer from the disease, according to AFP. Andrew Carle, a professor at George Mason University's College of Health and Human Services, said the shoes may even save lives.
"It's especially important for people in the earliest stages of Alzheimer's who are at the highest risk," Carle told AFP.

"They might be living in their home but they're confused. They go for a walk and they can get lost for days."

Continuing reading. 

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From Tecca:
An app and a unique pair of shoes are designed to help Alzheimer's caretakers
A new line of high-tech shoes could alleviate a very real problem for Alzheimer's and dementia patients who lose their way, whether wandering away from home or beyond the safety of an assisted living facility.
The shoes, made by GTX Corp., enable location-savvy real-time tracking, thanks to a GPS chip and cellular device embedded within the shoe itself. They can transmit location data directly to authorized parties (like loved ones or caretakers), who will be able to pinpoint their location through a new smartphone app designed to work in tandem with the shoes.
The shoes will also be capable of "geofencing": family members can actually map the boundaries of a safe area, and then receive alerts when their loved one wanders beyond the approved zone. 
GPS-capable shoes offer a clear advantage over other kinds of tracking devices (phones, wristbands, etc.) that serve the same purpose, since the shoes would be on the tracked individual at all times — ideally at least. Dementia sufferers would be far more likely to remember to put on the special pair of shoes than incorporating an accessory into their everyday routine. 

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From The Daily Mail:

Eating fish may boost blood flow to the brain which could stave off dementia in later life, researchers have discovered.
The health benefits of a diet rich in omega-3, a fatty acid found in oily fish, have long been suspected, and the findings of two studies into its effects on young people suggest that it can improve reaction times in 18-35 year olds as well as reducing levels of mental fatigue after they perform tough tasks.
 Although the results suggest that, contrary to popular belief, taking omega-3 or fish oil supplements may not have an impact on the mental performance of young adults, the researchers at Northumbria University say the increased blood flow to the brain it caused could be important for older people.
'Lead researcher Dr Philippa Jackson said: ‘These findings could have implications for mental function later on in life. The evidence suggests that regularly eating oily fish may prevent cognitive decline and dementia, and increased blood flow to the brain may be a mechanism by which this occurs. 
If we can pinpoint both the behavioural and brain blood flow effects of this fatty acid in older healthy people, then the benefits for those with mental degenerative conditions associated with normal ageing could be that much greater.
Researchers now plan to conduct a study on omega-3 use in people aged 50-70.
Read original source

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From The Miami Herald:
The number of Floridians who have had their driver's licenses revoked because they are deemed physically or mentally unfit has more than doubled in the last decade, according to state figures. The main reasons many lose driving privileges are related to dementia, stroke and seizures.
Last year, the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles revoked 7,716 licenses for medical reasons compared to 3,559 in 2000. Most motorists lost their privileges because they didn't submit more detailed medical information requested by the state to show they still should be able to drive.
The South Florida Sun Sentinel reports that a little-known Florida law allows anyone to notify the state about motorists with physical or mental conditions that could impair their driving. Many revocations started with reports from family members, the public or professionals reporting motorists to the state Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles after the drivers had been in accidents, became repeatedly confused or lost, or were consistently driving erratically.
The rise in revocations could also be attributed to Florida's growing number of older drivers, said Fran Carlin-Rogers, a senior transportation consultant from Orlando. Nearly one in five residents is over 65 years old now, according to census data.
Florida has required drivers age 80 and older to have their eyes tested every six years since 2004. The Sentinel reported 6,559 licenses were revoked by medical review last year for either failing the state's vision test or not submitting a vision report. The state's Medical Advisory Board makes the final decision in such cases.
One Jupiter woman, whose husband has Alzheimer's disease but asked not to be named because he was a well-known former professional, says a confidential reporting system is critical. She hoped his doctors would contact state officials after her spouse stole the car keys from her purse and drove to a nearby hardware store in his underwear. A doctor eventually started the paperwork last month on the incident last month.
She said dementia patients often won't listen to their family's pleas for them not to drive. For now, her husband still has a valid driver's license.

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After congressional hearings, increased media attention and revised rules, the NFL's concussion saga has entered its next phase: litigation.

More than 125 former pro football players are suing the league — and, in most cases, helmet-maker Riddell — via at least five complaints brought in state or federal courts over the past few months and as recently as last week. They say the NFL should have done more to warn about the dangers of head injuries and should do more to help retired players.

"We've moved on from a debate about whether or not it's really a problem — it's clear it is — to the next question: What do we do about it?" said Richard Lewis, a lawyer representing players in a class-action suit filed in California state court.

There also are at least three personal-injury cases against the NFL pending in California, along with a case filed in U.S. District Court in Pennsylvania. They're believed to be the first examples of former players joining together to file concussion-related lawsuits against the NFL. Many players' wives also are plaintiffs.

"We have three goals. One is to make necessary changes so that others playing this game don't go the same way. The second goal is to set up a medical process so these people can have medical attention for this injury as long as they need it. And the third goal is to get compensation," said Thomas Girardi, who is representing several dozen former players in two of the personal-injury complaints. "Some of these people are unable to work in a work setting because of their inability to understand common concepts."

The NFL's stance, as explained by outside counsel Brad Karp in a telephone interview, essentially focuses on these ideas:

— players knew there were risks of injury when they decided to play football;

— there was no misconduct or liability on the part of the NFL;

— any such claims should be addressed via arbitration, as outlined in the collective bargaining agreement between the NFL and the players' union, not in court — an argument made in a filing by the league to shift cases from state to federal court.

"The NFL has long made player safety a priority. It is continuing to make player safety a priority. And the NFL is not legally responsible for the medical difficulties that some players now are facing," said Karp, whose law firm, Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, has represented the league in various matters for 20 or so years.

"Head injuries, including concussions and the possible effects of concussions, have long been known risks of playing football," Karp added. "Players have known about the risks of playing football, they have chosen to play football notwithstanding those risks, and in so doing, have assumed those risks and all of their possible consequences."
 Continue reading.

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Who are the caregivers?

The Canadian Study of Health and Aging found that the vast majority of family caregivers for the elderly are women, usually wives (24 per cent) or daughters (29 per cent). Most of these caregivers are getting on themselves: half were over 60 and 36 per cent were over 70. Caregivers spent an average of 44 to 63 hours on caregiving, with the higher end taken up by dementia patients.

Why are we facing a caregiving crunch?

Several social patterns are working to reduce the pool of family caregivers. As the population grows older, fewer spouses will be alive to take care of their partners. Women more often have jobs outside of the home, making it harder for them to care for their parents. And they are having their own children later, so often still have kids at home when their parents begin to need care, creating a “sandwich generation” of boomers trying to balance it all. And these women can also become what’s called “serial caregivers,” caring for children, then senior parents or in-laws, then an aging spouse. With no break or time to themselves, they can burn out easily. Families are also smaller, with fewer siblings to share the care of older parents, and these days they are often living far apart.

What will be the impact of the expected rising rates of dementia on caregiving?

According to the Alzheimer Society of Canada’s Rising Tide report, the demand for home care among dementia patients alone will be overwhelming in the next few years. They estimated that in 2008, 55 per cent of Canadians over 65 with dementia were living in their own homes, and thus requiring home or community supports, and by 2038, 62 per cent of Canadians over 65 with dementia were expected to want to live in their own homes — an increase of more than half a million people — placing greater demands on family caregivers and neighbourhood services. The amount of unpaid caregiver hours spent looking after people with dementia alone is expected to triple, from 231 million hours in 2008 to 756 million hours in 2038.

According to the national Alzheimer society, family caregivers looking after someone with dementia are apt to spend 75 per cent more time caregiving than those taking care of relatives with other medical issues. 

Continue reading.

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Choosing a nursing home for a love one with diagnosed dementia adds additional stress to an already stressful situation. Not only are you likely worried that your loved one will receive proper medical treatment, but you may also be concerned that your loved one will receive sufficient interaction and stimulation from the staff.

If your loved one is unable to communicate their desire to be included in activities or express their dissatisfaction in the amount of interaction they are receiving, it is extremely difficult to ensure they are receiving sufficient stimulation while in the nursing home. Sensory stimulation for patients with dementia and Alzheimer’s disease is extremely important. It has been shown that sensory stimulation can decrease a dementia patient’s agitation and calm their restlessness. This is a benefit for all dementia patients especially those residing in a nursing home where their caregivers and routine may frequently change causing confusion and agitation.

Although patients with dementia may not be able to communicate their desire for certain activities, they likely still enjoy the things they did prior to their cognitive decline. The patient who previously enjoyed listing to music, dancing or reading the newspaper, will likely still enjoy those activities. Residents in nursing homes have rights which include the right to dignity and respect. A dementia patient must be treated as a person and not as a diagnosis. These individuals must be included in activities, have daily interactions with other people and receive stimulation from their environment.

Some nursing homes have specialized dementia units that have increased security and supposedly cater to dementia patients. It is important to randomly visit these units and observe the actions of both the patients and staff. Are all of the patients sitting in their rooms or are they gathered together playing games, listening to music, watching an old movie or being read to? These are important distinctions. Dementia patients should be engaged. The nursing home should of course care for the patients medical needs but it should also focus on the individual’s social and emotional needs. This type of care is part of the contract between the nursing home and the patient and the nursing home should be required to honor this promise.

If you do not feel like you loved one is receiving appropriate care and treatment in their nursing home, take steps to report it. Make sure that your loved one is being treated with dignity and respect. A resident suffering from dementia or Alzheimer’s cannot be defined by their decline in cognition. The nursing home must take steps to ensure that residents are being cared for and treated in a manner that will hopefully improve their mental, physical and emotional well-being.
Read at original source.

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Last week we received this email from Bancroft. We'd never heard of them, but noticed that they are located in the same New Jersey town as some of our family members. After looking into who they are and what they do, we think this information could be helpful to some of our readers.
 "I wanted to bring to your attention to a series of monthly webinars Bancroft will be hosting to share its expertise in rehabilitation for people with acquired brain injuries. Specifically designed for case managers, social workers, rehabilitation therapists and other brain injury professionals, the webinars will afford participants the opportunity to learn – and earn continuing education units – remotely, rather than having to make time to attend in-person seminars."
This series of monthly webinars, titled “Heads-Up,” will provide
participants with a convenient opportunity to learn – and earn
continuing education units (CEUs) – during their lunch hour. Unlike a
traditional seminar, webinars will be presented online and viewed via
one’s own computer.

The next webinar is Exercise and Effects on the Brain on Wednesday, November 16 from 12
– 1 pm

 Exercise and Effects on the Brain will address:

• Health benefits of exercise
• Types of exercise: strength training, balance training, pain
management, range of motion
• Factors influencing progress: motivation, impulsivity, safety
• Research on exercise and neuroplasticity – the brain’s ability to
reorganize itself and adapt to change

To register for Exercise and Effects on the Brain, visit:

These complimentary webinars are each approved for one continuing
education unit from the Commission for Case Manager Certification.
CEUs are pending from the National Association of Social Workers.
Participants must register in advance, as space is limited. For more
information, call Lynn Tomaio at (856) 515-6454 or email

About Bancroft
Based in Haddonfield, N.J., Bancroft annually serves 1,300 children
and adults with autism, intellectual and developmental disabilities,
and acquired brain injuries, through a wide range of programs.
Founded in 1883, the nonprofit organization has sites in New Jersey,
Pennsylvania and Delaware. Programs include early childhood,
education, vocational, supported employment, structured day programs,
rehabilitation, community living, behavioral treatment, and in-home
and outpatient services. For more information, visit

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From Fox News:

A Dutch woman who held the title of the world's oldest person when she died, aged 115, credited her longevity to a daily meal of herring, not smoking and limiting her alcohol intake.

Six years later, however, scientists hope her genes may provide a better answer -- and as a result they have sequenced her complete genetic code, The Times of London reported Saturday.

The study of Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper, who became the world's oldest person in 2004, could help us understand the biology of aging.

A team led by Henne Holstege, of the VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam, has begun to compare DNA from van Andel-Schipper's blood and brain, to determine how different genetic mutations arise in these tissues.

The genome will provide researchers with an unprecedented resource for investigating how DNA contributes to longevity and diseases of old age such as Alzheimer's.

Van Andel-Schipper died of gastric cancer, having survived breast cancer at the age of 100. Her mother also lived to be a centenarian.

At the age of 82 she agreed to donate her body to medical science -- though this was not to happen for 33 years.

After van Andel-Schipper's death her brain was examined by neuroscientists who found no signs of any of the damage associated with Alzheimer's or other forms of dementia, which previously had been considered inevitable at that age.

Holstege told The Times that she hoped the study would shed light on whether van Andel-Schipper's genes had protected her against dementia and other conditions related to aging, such as hardening of the arteries.

She also hoped that the genome would become a reference for future studies of the genetics of aging. "You can check against it if you're doing research into Alzheimer's or atherosclerosis. Her genome has all the elements of not getting these conditions."

Visit original source.

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In 1947, all 11-year-old Scottish children had IQ testing. About 60 years later, Edinburgh researchers were curious about what had become of these children, so they tracked them down.
They found those 11-year-old children who were of above-average intelligence were less likely to develop dementia by age 70.

Other findings were equally intriguing.
  • Antioxidants -- We've all heard that taking antioxidants protects from dementia. Those people with a higher IQ were more likely to take antioxidants. So it was the power of a high IQ and not antioxidants that protected against dementia. B vitamins also did not protect against memory loss.
  • Alcohol --  Similarly, those with higher intelligence were more likely to drink more alcohol. As was the case with antioxidants, having a higher IQ rather than having a glass of wine protected people from dementia.
  • Caffeinated drinks -- Ground coffee and espresso, and not tea, were found to stop memory decline.
  • Social activities -- When adjusted for the effect of intelligence, social activities had little effect on the development of memory problems.
  • Higher education -- Those with higher IQs are more likely to pursue higher education. Again, it's not higher education that protects against dementia, it's intelligence.
  • Physical activity -- Exercise improves cognition, which is a finding reflected in other studies.
  • The bottom line -- While you can't control your IQ, do what you can to reduce your risk of dementia by exercising regularly and drinking an espresso a day.

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From Caregiver Support:

A parent's physical decline or loss of memory due to dementia or Alzheimer's can cause anxiety, depression or just a niggling feeling of malaise inside.

A great way for coping with the stress of a parent’s declining health due to dementia is to acknowledge the anxiety, depression, or the general feeling of unease felt. Then you can decide how best to manage these feelings and live through them as they arise.

Realizing that a parent can no longer look after themselves alone, or that they no longer know who you are, can cause stress of varying degrees. Nevertheless, the challenge is to persist with acknowledging those moments of anxiety first, and then designing and implementing a plan when you feel anxiety or stress levels increase. All of us do better when we have put some thought into how to respond to circumstances that are upsetting.

Feeling Stressed about an Elderly Parent Suffering from Dementia
An elderly parent’s deteriorating dementia may prompt an adult child to experience anxiety or stress and feel any of the following:
  • Worried and distressed that the parent's personality and abilities are slowly disappearing
  • Helpless at being unable to ‘fix’ them and prevent the dementia from advancing
  • Guilty for not taking better care of them in the past and now
  • Lost and confused about what the future holds
  • To blame for an elderly parent’s own distress.
Any or all of these feelings can contribute to anxieties each time news that the health of an elderly parent due to dementia or Alzheimer's has diminished further.

Continue reading for 8 Tips to Manage Anxiety Prompted by a Parent’s Advancing Dementia

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From The New York Times Sunday Review:
Jane Rosett is an artist at work on a multimedia project, “Adaptivitudes: Navigating My Brain Injury Rehabilitation,” and currently a brain injury patient at Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital.
“WANT a piece of gum, Jane?” asked my friend Andrée.
“What?” I asked her.
I didn’t know what she was talking about.
“It’s Trident.”
It was delicious.
That evening, I told my friend David about my day’s big discovery. “It’s called gum and you chew it and it’s fun and there’s this one kind that will let me blow bubbles!”
“Yes, it’s called bubble gum, Jane,” he told me, patiently.
Fifty-nine months ago, I was wearing my seat belt and my car was stopped when another vehicle hit me, causing my head to fracture the windshield. That damaged my right temporal lobe, one of my neurologists explained when he told me I had a traumatic brain injury. I lost my long-term memory, and have been a brain injury patient within Harvard Medical School’s teaching hospitals ever since.
At 45, I was jolted into an entirely new existence. Memories that connected different parts of my life fragmented and vanished. It took 26 months before I was able to thread my way back unattended to the house I had lived in for 17 years.
I am often amazed to find that people recognize me when I have no recollection of them. People who love me grieve what they claim to experience as the loss of elements of my personality that I cannot recall having been part of me. Others tell me that I seem to have become an altogether different person. I am told that I used to be a real “people person.” Today, however, I can barely stand being around people. And I can get irritable in a nanosecond. I am told that my work before the accident pertained to the AIDS pandemic; I was a treatment activist, founder of several early AIDS organizations and a photojournalist, as well as an artist. But I have no more memory of a photo on the cover of The New York Times of an exhibition I curated 10 years ago than I do of a watercolor I painted when I was 3 years old. When I see my pre-accident work, I am introduced to it as if for the first time. As if it was created by anonymous. Did I make that? So I’m told.
I am sometimes fed my own résumé by strangers in the street. One day, a woman introduced me to her children as “one of Mommy’s sponsored artists.” I looked more confused than her 1-year-old.
In 2007, I ran into Alice and Amma, a couple who said we’d been friends and colleagues for over 20 years. Amma recently reminded me that at first I didn’t believe them, and how upset they’d been. And that it was Rifkah, my dog Rifkah, who solved the standoff by recognizing them. I figured that if Rifkah knew them then maybe I did, too. I have no idea.
I once believed that I could not grieve for what I do not remember. I no longer believe that. I do grieve for what I can no longer connect with. Phantom memories. “Your pies!” “Your bread!” Friends tell me they miss my baking. One woman whom I still don’t recognize told me I used to shred beets into my chocolate cake batter. Her comment reintroduced me to an evaporated passion I no longer remembered and had not missed until then.

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From The American Legion Health Center:

The Department of Veterans Affairs has launched a campaign to increase awareness about traumatic brain injury (TBI) and services provided by the VA for veterans and servicemembers recovering from TBI and co-occurring complex injuries.
The campaign debuted with a 25-minute documentary last week highlighting individual stories of recovery for some of the most severely injured and wounded veterans through the VA Polytrauma System of Care at the Hunter Holmes McGuire VA Medical Center in Richmond, Va. The documentary and other videos can be viewed online.
VA has released a series of products to promote awareness of TBI and services available to veterans, including public-service announcements featuring Golden Globe, Emmy, and Screen Actors Guild SAG Award winner and Academy Award nominee Gary Sinise.
The pieces highlight the fact that effects of TBI can range from mild to severe, lasting for a brief or prolonged period of time. Treatment is available and VA provides specialized services to support veterans and servicemembers through evaluating and diagnosing TBI, related problems, and enabling their recovery. More information about TBI and VA's Polytrauma/TBI System of Care is available online.

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From Medical News Today
According to a new report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in the last 10 years emergency department visits for recreation- and sports-related traumatic brain injuries has increased by 60% among children and adolescents. Experts at the CDC believe the increase is due to more adults becoming aware that the young individuals needed to be seen by a health care professional.The CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report revealed that traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) increased from 153,375 in 2001 to 248,418 in 2009, with the main activities contributing to TBIs being football, bicycling, soccer, playground activities and basketball.

Linda C. Degutis, Dr.P.H., M.S.N., director of CDC's National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, explained:
"We believe that one reason for the increase in emergency department visits among children and adolescents may be a result of the growing awareness among parents and coaches, and the public as a whole, about the need for individuals with a suspected TBI to be seen by a health care professional."

Throughout this eight-year period, each year in U.S. emergency departments, roughly 173,285 individuals aged zero to 19 years were treated for non-fatal sports- and recreation-related traumatic brain injuries.

Emergency department visits for sports- and recreation-related TBIs varied by gender and age group:
  • Males contributed to 71% of all visits
  • 70.5% of visits were among those aged between 10-19 years
  • The most common injuries for children aged 0 to 9 years were sustained whilst riding bicycles and playground activities.
 Continue reading.

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Everyday, 1,000 people in Canada turn 65, entering a stage of life that has increasing risk of stroke and Alzheimer's disease. 

"Recent national and international imaging studies on the brains of people aged 65 and older show that 95 per cent have brain small vessel disease seen as white spots and patches on magnetic resonance images," says Dr. Sandra Black, director of the Brain Sciences Research Program at Sunnybrook Research Institute at the University of Toronto

These studies also show that a quarter of healthy senior volunteers, average age 70, living in the community, have evidence of small silent strokes. Even in younger people (average age 60), this number may be as high as 14 per cent, according to preliminary results of the Canadian PURE MIND study, presented at the Canadian Stroke Congress in Ottawa, where Dr. Black addressed more than 900 researchers and clinicians. 

"Microbleeds, another type of small vessel disease, are associated with high blood pressure and with Alzheimer's disease," she says. Unlike major stroke events, these types of small vessel disease gradually build up and increase the risk of clinical stroke events, depression, falls and Alzheimer's dementia. 

"Alzheimer's and small vessel disease often live together in the brains of the elderly in a way that is very disabling," says Dr. Black. "People become depressed, off balance when walking, have trouble thinking and often cannot live on their own. Unfortunately, so far there is no cure for either disease but there are actions we can all take to delay onset or progression." 

The time is now for the brain to be the top priority for Canada's health research community, says Dr. Black. In the next 20 years the number of people with dementia and Alzheimer's disease is expected to reach more than one million in Canada alone, increasing ten-fold the current health care costs of $15 billion/year, she says. 

"Stroke is adding to the increasing incidence of dementia: 65 per cent of stroke patients experience difficulty with thinking, memory, goal setting and motivation after a stroke and 20 to 30 per cent become clinically demented within three months post-stroke," says Dr. Black

Continue reading.

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From Care2:
The term dementia is used broadly to describe a condition which is characterized by cognitive decline, but there are many different types of dementia. Although it is usually progressive, properly diagnosing dementia can reverse the effects and be treated and even cured completely by addressing the underlying cause. However, dementia caused by incurable conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, are irreversible.

Experts estimate that Alzheimer’s disease is the underlying cause of — of all dementia cases. However, there are many other conditions which can also cause dementia, which makes it vital for the patient to obtain accurate diagnosing of dementia early on in order to get proper treatment. Following are some of the most common types of dementia and their causes.

1. Vascular Dementia
The second most common form of dementia, vascular dementia is caused by poor blood flow to the brain, which deprives brain cells of the nutrients and oxygen they need to function normally. One of the ten dementia types, vascular dementia can result from any number of conditions which narrow the blood vessels, including stroke, diabetes and hypertension.

2. Mixed Dementia
Sometimes dementia is caused by more than one medical condition. This is called mixed dementia. The most common form of mixed dementia is caused by both Alzheimer’s and vascular disease.

3. Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB)
Sometimes referred to as Lewy Body Disease, this type of dementia is characterized by abnormal protein deposits called Lewy bodies which appear in nerve cells in the brain stem. These deposits disrupt the brain’s normal functioning, impairing cognition and behavior and can also cause tremors. DLB is not reversible and has no known cure.

4. Parkinson’s Disease Dementia (PDD)
Parkinson’s disease is a chronic, progressive neurological condition, and in its advanced stages, the disease can affect cognitive functioning. Not all people with Parkinson’s disease will develop dementia, however. Dementia due to Parkinson’s is also a Lewy body dementia. Symptoms include tremors, muscle stiffness and speech problems. Reasoning, memory, speech, and judgment are usually affected.

5. Frontotemporal Dementia
Pick’s disease, the most common of the frontotemporal dementia types, is a rare disorder which causes damage to brain cells in the frontal and temporal lobes. Pick’s disease affects the individual’s personality significantly, usually resulting in a decline in social skills, coupled with emotional apathy. Unlike other types of dementia, Pick’s disease typically results in behavior and personality changes manifesting before memory loss and speech problems.

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From Bike World News:
USA Cycling and the Medicine of Cycling group have released recommendations for treatment of riders who have sustained head trauma in cycling. Foremost amongst the guidelines is that any rider with a witnessed loss of consciousness during training or competition should be immediately removed from competition for evaluation by a medical professional trained in diagnosing traumatic brain injury or concussion.
“Concussion can occur without direct impact or loss of consciousness, and can result in physical, cognitive or emotional symptoms that may be evident immediately or evolve over days or weeks,” explained Dr. Anna Abramson of the University of California, San Francisco and co-founder of Medicine of Cycling. “The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that there are 1.7 million people that sustain a traumatic brain injury annually. Concussions can occur during falls, motor vehicle accidents, struck by/against events, and assaults. However, concussed cyclists are more likely to have impaired function that could lead to a repeat crash, potentially hurting themselves and others. Those with previous concussions are at increased risk of repeat concussions and brain injury, and are most susceptible during the post-concussion period. This is dangerous in the short term and has long term implications of post-concussion syndrome.”

View the full guidelines for concussions in cyclists on the Anti-doping & Health page of

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From MailOnline
Drugs for Alzheimer’s can delay older patients going into a nursing home for around a year, researchers claim.
New evidence shows dementia drugs can help patients stay in their own homes for longer, compared with those who are not taking medication.
Psychiatrists Dr Emad Salib and Dr Jessica Thompson studied a total of 339 people with dementia, who were referred to psychiatric services in Peasley Cross Hospital in St Helens in 2006.
One in four patients - 127 of them - had been prescribed cholinesterase inhibitors such as Aricept, which at the time were restricted to those with moderate symptoms.
The drugs can help slow the progression of the disease by preventing an enzyme known as acetylcholinesterase from breaking down acetylcholine in the brain.
The remaining 212 patients in the study were not prescribed cholinesterase inhibitors. After four years, the researchers followed up all 339 patients to see if they had been placed in care or remained in their own home.
The researchers found that, on average, patients who did not take anti-dementia drugs moved to care homes sooner than patients who did.
Continue reading. 

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