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From CantonRep.com:
FASD is an umbrella term describing the range of effects that can occur in a child whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. These effects may include physical, mental, behavioral, and learning disabilities.

According to Ohio’s Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Initiative, as many as 40,000 babies are born in the U.S. each year with FASD, costing about $4 billion.

Early diagnosis and treatment is the best way to help children succeed and to lessen secondary disabilities such as disrupted school experience, trouble with the law, inappropriate sexual behavior, alcohol and drug problems and problems with employment.

According to Dr. Roger Vasquez, a neonatologist at Aultman Hospital, diagnosing FASD in newborns is difficult because no test for it exists.

“We are going solely on physical features, and that’s not a really good way,” he said. “We have to be suspicious of it. Maybe the baby is not growing in utero.”

After the process of eliminating other causes of low birth weight, FASD remains a possibility, he said.

Shaken Baby Syndrome
Brain damage caused by shaken baby syndrome is another preventable problem.

Shaken baby syndrome, or inflicted traumatic brain injury, is caused by blows to the head, dropping, throwing or shaking a child. Head trauma is the leading cause of death in child abuse cases.

Prior to 2008, SBS fell within a category called severe physical abuse, so statistics for SBS in Ohio and Stark County do not exist. Today, emergency rooms are reporting abuse specific to SBS.

From 2001 to 2005, the Ohio Department of Health estimates that 10 children died each year from SBS, and 150 more had serious injuries.

Continue reading.

Shaken Baby Syndrome is controversial, however. In 2008, Discover Magazine published an article on the controversy. 

On one side of the courtroom, representing mainstream medical opinion, are those who believe shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a valid diagnosis. They say that decades of clinical experience and criminal confessions—in which a parent has admitted to shaking a child with symptoms of SBS—bolster their case to the point of near-certainty. On the other side, a growing number of skeptics are now claiming that the evidence for the syndrome rests on dubious medical ground with questionable biophysical models supporting it.

Each side, too, is battling for the moral high ground. Those who give credence to SBS say they are using modern diagnostic technology (magnetic resonance imaging in particular) to catch child abusers who might once have gone unpunished. The skeptics, on the other hand, say that innocent families around the world have been left in ruins by prosecutors and child protective agencies who have wrongfully accused parents and child-care workers of child abuse.
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